The People's Republic of Bangladesh is located on the subcontinent of India in South Asia. Its capital city is Dhaka and the country gained its independence in March 26, 1971. The land area of the country is 147,570 square kilometers with a population of nearly 162 million people. It is bordered to the southeast by Burma and to the south by the Bay of Bengal while all the other sides are bordered with India. It is the seventh most populous country and has the densest populations in the world. As a consequence, it has a high poverty rate. The country hugs the Ganges-Brahmaputra river delta and experiences annual monsoon floods and cyclones which claim many of the lives of its population. Despite its best efforts, the country is still subject to major challenges such as widespread corruption in governance and its lack of economic competition with the world.

The country is divided into six administrative divisions called after their headquarters. They are Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi and Sylhet. Each of the divisions are further subdivided into districts called zilas and they total 64 all in all. The largest city is the capital Dhaka and other major metropolitan cities are Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshaji, Sylhet and Barisal.

There are a number of international airports in the country. The foremost among them is the Zia International Airport in Dhaka, followed by the Shah Amanat International Airport in Chittagong. The other international airport in Bangladesh is the Osmani International Airport located in Sylhet.